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FAQ по построению карт в Duke Nukem 3D
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you want the height of the floor to be before the quake. It's really hard to get it perfect. Sometimes you'll get raised floors that just won't go down. In that case, I presume you have a slope. Put the 2 sptires (Sector Effector and MASTERSWITCH on the AXIS of the slope. The last sprite to add is a TOUCHPLATE sprite (#3) in the sector that will activate the quake. (The darkened sector in QUAKE.MAP) STEP 4: Give ALL the Sector Effectors a Lotag of '2'. Give the TOUCHPLATE sprite a unique Lotag. Give the same lotag as you gave the touchplate to the MASTERSWITCH sprites. That's it! NOTES: A.) To make the earthquake make scraps of rock and metal fly around, put a sector effector sprite where you want the scraps to start. Give it a lotag of '33'. Now, if you want stuff to just roll around on the ground, keep it on the ground. To make it come from the air, raise the SE 33 sprite to the cieling. B.) To make Duke say "Holy Shit!" when he steps on the touchplate sector, give the touchplate SECTOR a Lotag of 10225. 4.38 Light Switches Map Name: SWLITES.MAP This is easy. Here's the step-by-step: STEP 1: Make a sector. STEP 2: Set the sector brightness (Use ALT + +/- in 3D Mode) to how bright it should be when the lights are on. Then, set the shade of everything that you want dark when the lights are out. (Use '+S while pointing at the desired wall/floor/ceiling/sprite) Mine is 50, which is totally dark. STEP 3: Put a light switch on the wall. Give it a unique Lotag. Put Sector Effector sprites in ALL the sectors that will be lit up when the switch is turned on. STEP 4: Give the Sector Effector(s) a Hitag that is equal to the switches Lotag. STEP 5: Give the Sector Effector(s) a Lotag of 12. That's it! 4.39 Open Door, Room Lights Up Map Name: DRLITES.MAP I'll use the step-by-step method for this one: STEP 1: Make 3 sectors, you know, a room (to be lit up), a lit room, maybe with ligihts in the back, and the door sector. To make it look cool when the room lights up, make 2 extra sectors on either side. You know, make it look a bit like my map. That's the way I like it, your choice. STEP 2: Do the same thing you did in step 2 of section 4.33. STEP 3: Put a Sector Effector sprite in the door sector, and in all the sectors that will be lit up when the door is opened. STEP 4: Give all the Sector Effector sprite a unique Hitag, and a Lotag of 8. You're done! 4.40 Shooters Map Name: SHOOTERS.MAP I couldn't think of a better name for it, so this section is called shooters. You know, things that shoot shrinkers, mortars, lasers, etc. Here's how to do it: STEP 1: Make your sector that the shot will come from. Make it look nice. STEP 2: In that sector, put a Sector Effector sprite, a GSPEED sprite, and a MASTERSWITCH sprite. STEP 3: You MUST have a switch turn the shooter on, so put a switch somewhere. STEP 4: Give the switch and the MASTERSWITCH sprite a unique Lotag. Give the MASTERSWITCH sprite a Hitag of 50. STEP 5: Place the sector effector where you want the shot to come from, and angle it to where it will shoot. (The rockets and lasers ait themselves, but do it anyway, or they just crash into a wall). Give the sector effector a Lotag of 36. STEP 5: Now, to decide what to shoot. Do this by giving the GSPEED sprite one of the following Lotags: 1636 = Lizard Goobs 1625 = Alien Lasers 1650 = Mortars (Like the first boss throws) 2605 = Rockets 2556 = Shrinkers You've made a shooter! If you don't understand, look at SHOOTERS.MAP. 3.41 Switches For Forcefields Карта: SWFORCE.MAP Я это не проверял - простите меня, если что. Сначала сделайте стену - силовое поле, и переключатель. Замаскируйте стену, задайте ей текстуру #663. Отмаскируйте стену. Задайте СТЕНЕ уникальный лотаг, его же задайте переключателю. Все. 4.42 Difficulty Settings Карта: NONE Это просто. Задайте монстрам лотаги: 2: Skill level 2 3: Skill level 3&4 (Skill 4 - просто они еще и воскресают) 4.43 Echo Карта: ECHO.MAP Чтобы сделать эхо в секторе, поставьте MUSIC&SFX (#5) в него и задайте хайтаг - как далеко его будет слышно, и лотаг - сколько раз выстрел отразится. 4.44 Pulsating Lights Map Name: PULSATE.MAP This is yet ANOTHER thing that the BUILDHLP file has wrong info on. To do this, put a CYLCER sprite (#7) in the sector. Make the shade (use ALT+S) on the walls and cieling of the sector how dark the room will get when the lights are out, and set the shade of the cycler sprite to how bright the room will get. At this point, it will work. It will be really fast pulsating, though. To change the speed, give the cycler sprite a Hitag. Any Hitag, make it unique. Then, add a GSPEED sprite (#10). Give it the same Hitag as you gave the cycler. Then, give the GSPEED a Lotag. This is how fast the lights will pulsate. 4.45 Elevator Transports Map Name: ELETRANS.MAP First, sorry I kinda copied 3D Realms' design for my map, put that was just simply the best way to make it. :) Now, elevator transports transport you from one elevator to another, simulating rooms over rooms. They're not perfect, as sometimes they jump a little when going down. They're also hard to get perfect...but read on cuz here's the step-by-step: STEP 1: Make your elevators. They must be the same EXACT size, shape, and the cieling should be the EXACT distance from the floor. Make your textures all EXACTLY the same (this is the hard part, takes awhile to get perfect). You then should raise the cieling of both elevator sectors and change the "shaft" texture, as well as lowering the floors of both to change the "shaft" textures. This is important because if everything is not panned exactly as the other elevator, it will not look right at all. STEP 2: Add a sector effector sprite in both of the elevator sectors in the EXACT same spot. Use grid to be sure. (notice all of the exacts in this). Give them a Lotag of 17, and give them both the same Hitag (doesn't matter, as long as it's the same). Now, decide which elevator sector you will start on. Change the shade of that elevator's sector effector (use ALT+S in 3D mode) to something darker than the other one. I used 32. STEP 3: Give both the elevator sectors a SECTOR Lotag of 15. Next, figure out the TOP floor that the elevator will transport to. Give that floors elevator sector a Hitag of 1. Try it! If you still have trouble, look at ELETRANS.MAP for help before emailing me. 4.46 Blastable Walls Map Name: HOLE.MAP Step 1: Make the following sectors: ____________________ : : : :____ : :_A__: : :_B__: : :_C__: : : : : :____________________: Sectors A, B, and C should be all valid player space. We could have sectors A, B, and C as all one sector, but we want our hole to look cool. So make it 3, and arrange the slopes of the floor and ceiling and the heights of the floor and ceiling until you've got a nice hole. Add nice textures, the stuff inside the hole will be what it looks like when blown out. Step 2: Put a crack sprite somewhere. It really doesn't matter where, it'll work just the same. I prefer in front of the hole. :) Make sure that it's directly on a wall, though. Give the crack a Hitag. Something unique, not the same as any other cracks. I used 213 in my map. Step 3: Place a Sector Effector *Sprite* in sectors A, B, and C. Give them your unique Hitag, and a Lotag of '13'. Step 4: Place a C-9 sprite in sectors A, B, and C. Now, go into 3D mode. Use the '4' and '6' keys on your NUMBERPAD to shrink the C-9 WIDTHWISE as much as possible. If you don't know what I mean, look at my map. Step 5: Go back into 2D mode. Give each of the C-9's your special Hitag. Now, the Lotag for the C-9's is up to you. That determines how long it will be before the C-9 blows up. You can have it happen right away, a long way away so the player walks up to the hole and has C-9 blown up in his face, or all three go at different times. For now, just put 20 for the middle one, 40 for the left one, and 60 for the right one. This makes a nice explosion, and is not bad for a beginners hole. Step 6: You're done! Play the level! In future hole designing, you might want to know this: 1. You can have the crack shatter as many sectors as you want, just make sure they are of all equal Hitags. 2. If you want a HUGE explosion that'll last about 10 seconds, fill the ENTIRE room with C-9, shrink them all, and give them your Hitag. Set them all for different times, and watch it blow! Set records for how long you can stay alive with C-9 blowing up in your face! 3. Have JUST C-9 blow a hole by replacing the crack with a C-9 sprite. Make sure it's not on the wall, and KABOOM! 4. Use KEXTRACT to extract the original levels, get ideas from them. 4.47 Destructable Buildings/Floor Lowering Map Name: BUILDBLO.MAP First, you must understand the following: To lower floors, use SE 13. Apparantly, SE 13, which is used to make blastable walls, is actually a floor lowerer. But, without a GSPEED sprite applied to it, you don't see it lower the floor. Now, here's the step-by-step: STEP 1: Create the result of the building blowing up. Put a SECTOR EFFECTOR, MASTERSWITCH, and GSPEED sprite in every sector that will be affected. STEP 2: Give the GSPEED sprite a Lotag of 64 (this is just how fast the building will blow, and seems to be standard speed. Anything faster causes a VERY slow frame rate). Give the SECTOR EFFECTOR a Lotag of 13, and a unique Hitag (make it up). Give the MASTER SWITCH sprites a Lotag equal to the SECTOR EFFECTORs Hitag. STEP 3: Put a switch or touchplate somewhere. Give it a Lotag that is equal to the MASTERSWITCH sprite Lotags. Now, if you just wanted to have the floor lower, this would not work. For some odd reason, you MUST have a C-9 sprite somewhere. What I do is make a room somewhere in the corner of my map. I put 2 sprites, a C-9 sprite and a MASTERSWITCH sprite. The MASTERSWITCH sprites Lotag should be equal to the switches Lotag, and the C-9 should have the same number as it's Hitag, but no Lotag. STEP 4: Now, the C-9. Place C-9 wherever you want. Keep in mind that wherever you place the C-9, at whatever hieght, that's where it will blow up. Be creative with this fact along with timing! STEP 5: Give the C-9 a Hitag that is equal...to...guess...the... could it be...the switches Lotag. The Lotag for the C-9 is the time delay before it explodes. STEP 6: Put a MASTERSWITCH sprite in EVERY sector that you put C-9 in. Give it the same Lotag as the switches Lotag. You're done! 4.48 Crushers Map Name: CRUSHERS.MAP These are like an engine piston. The cieling of these sectors come up and down and crush you. To do this, set the sector's cieling to how high it will go, and the floor to how low it will go (duh). Put a SECTOR EFFECTOR in there and give it a Lotag of 25. That's it! Now, my sector effectors are at different hieghts. This signifies the start point. 4.49 Shots Fired In Sector, Cieling Comes Down Карта: SHOTLOW.MAP Это ОЧЕНЬ простая процедура, но выглядит круто. Что происходит - так это если в секторе слышен взрыв, так потолок падает вам на голову. Поставьте SE в сектор, задайте лотаг 19. Готово! 4.50 Rotate/Rise Sector Map Name: ROTRISE.MAP This is easy. Make the sector that will rotate and rise. Put an activator, and a sector effector in that sector. Now, put a switch or touchplate somewhere. Give it a Lotag. Give the activator the same Lotag as the switch. Give the sector effector a Hitag that is equal to the switchs' Lotag. (Leave the Hitag alone) Give the rotate-rise sector a Lotag of 30. Now, decide on a rotation point for the sector. Put a sector effector there. Give the sector effector a Lotag of 1, and a Hitag that is equal to the switchs' Lotag. Done! 4.51 Stretch Sector Map Name: STRETCH.MAP This is used to stretch a sector whatever way you want. Real cool stuff. STEP 1: Make the sector that will be stretched. STEP 2: Give that sector a Lotag of 27. STEP 3: Place 3 sprites in the sector. STEP 4: Put a switch somewhere. STEP 5: Change the three sprites to a sector effector, activator and GSPEED sprites. STEP 6: Give the switch a Lotag. Give the activator the same Hitag. Give the sector effector a Hitag that is equal to the switch's Lotag and a Lotag of 20. Point the sector effector the way you want the sector to stretch. Give the GSPEED sprite a Lotag of how far you want the sector to stretch. 4.52 Cielings And Floors (Dropping) Map Name: DRFLRCLN.MAP The title says it all. Drop floors and cielings, all with one sector effector. Here's how: STEP 1: Make the sector to be affected. Give THAT sector a Lotag of 28. STEP 2: Place 3 sprites in the sector: a sector effector, an activator, and a GSPEED. STEP 3: Decide what you want to drop. If it is the floor, go to step 4F. If the cieling, go to 4C. STEP 4F: Change the angle of the sector effector sprite so that it points toward the bottom of the map. STEP 5F: Give the sector effector a Lotag of 21. Make up a number and give it to the activator as a Lotag. Give the GSPEED sprite a Lotag. This sets the rate at which the floor drops. I used 10. STEP 6F: Lower the floor to where you want it to end up. Raise the sector effector sprite to the start position of the floor. STEP 7F: Put a switch somewhere. Give it the same Lotag as the activator. STEP 4C: Change the angle of the sector effector sprite so that it points toward the top of the map. STEP 5C: Give the sector effector a Lotag of 21. Make up a number and give it to the activator as a Lotag. Give the GSPEED sprite a Lotag. This sets the rate at which the cieling drops. I used 10. STEP 6C: Raise the cieling to where you want it to start. Lower the sector effector sprite to the end position of the cieling. STEP 7C: Put a switch somewhere. Give it the same Lotag as the activator. 4.53 2-Way Trains Карта: 2WAYCAR.MAP Сначала сделайте ваш сектор для вагона. Задайте ему лотаг 31, сделайте с ним что угодно. Если вы хотите, сделайте несколько секторов с лотагом 31. Поставьте два спрайта, SE и активатор в вагон. Далее, повесьте где-нибудь кнопку, в вагоне, если хотите. задайте ей и активатору одинаковый лотаг. Задайте SE лотаг 30. Далее, определите маршрут. Поставьте два локатора где-нибудь. Первый локатор, который определяет, куда поедет вагон, должен быть расположен позади поезда и иметь лотаг 1. Другой - все равно, оставьте его как есть. Готово! ======================= 5: INFO AND OTHER STUFF ======================= 5.1 Palette List This is a list of all of the palette numbers and thier uses. Palettes affect 3 different things (I'll use the stripper for an example because that's the most used for palette change): The backround (skin) the foreground (suit) and fore-foreground (just a name I made up) affects stuff like money, accessories, etc. 0 Normal 1 This can make a sprite multi-player only, also a light color. 2 Everything is red. Most often used as a light color. 3 Normal on sprites, but if applied to a SE 7 that will transport underwater, you will swin in muck instead of water. Also, set this to the floor and cieling of a BIGORBIT parallax cieling and/or floor, and you won't die when you enter the sector. 4 Everything is solid black 5 Normal 6 Night vision look (you wouldn't normally use this, it's for the game to designate night vision. You could use it, though.) 7 Everything has a greenish-yellow tint. Can be used for yellow lights. 8 Everything is light green. 9 Normal. 10 Foreground is red. 11 Foreground is light green. 12 Foreground is light grey. 13 Foreground is dark grey. 14 Foreground is dark green. 15 Foreground is brown. 16 Foreground is dark blue. 17 Backround blue, foreground green. 18 Same as 11. 19 Backround red, foreground grey. 20 Backround blue, foreground grey. 21 This does a bunch of things. On most, turns foreground red. BUT, use this palette to change a regular boss to a mini-boss (doesn't end game if killed) or to make a (lemme get my manual out, here...oh yeah...) an assault trooper an assault captain. 22 Foreground is light grey 23 Foreground is yellow. 24 Normal. 25 Fore-foreground is red. 5.2 Facts On Dimensions Это я выдрал из базы сообщений Apogee, автор - Per-Erik Nilsson (email@example.com). Все это измерено в единицах, на которые поднимают/опускают клавиши PgUp/PgDn. Для стрельбы прицеливание вверх-вниз не использовалось. Мера Дюк стоит Дюк присел Минимальная высота сектора для Дюка 11* 6 Макс. высота, на к-рую Дюк заходит 3 0 Макс. высота стены, к-рую Дюк перестреливает 8(9)** 3(4)** Мин. высота потолка, под к-рым Дюк прострелит 10(9)** 5(4)** То же, но с RPG 11 6 Макс. высота прыжка Дюка 20 0 Мин. высота стены, на к-рой стоит мина 10 4 * Дюк войдет и в сектор высоты 10, но автоматически присядет. ** Второе число - когда только некоторые выстрелы пройдут 5.3 Sound List Я не собираюсь давать полный список звуков - читайте DEFS.CON, со строки 646. 5.4 Quick SE Number List 0: Rotate sector 1: Rotate point for SE 0 2: Earthquake 3: Random lights after shot out 4: Random lights 5: Reserved 6: Subway engine 7: Transport 8: Up open door lights 9: Down open door lights 10: Door auto close (set Hitag to delay) 11: Swinging Door 12: Light switch 13: Hole maker, floor lowerer 14: Subway car 15: Sliding door (ST 25) 16: Reserved 17: Elevator transport (ST 15) 18: Reserved 19: Lower cieling when explosion hits sector 20: Stretch sector (ST 27) 21: Drop floor (ST 28) 22: Prong for teeth doors 23: Reserved 24: Conveyor belt of water current 25: Crusher 26: Reserved 27: Camera for playback 28: Reserved 29: Float sector 30: 2 way train (ST 31) 31: Floor rise 32: Cieling lower 33: Jibs for earthquakes 34: Shooter 5.5 Quick Sector Tag Guide 1: On top of water 2: Underwater 9: Sliding Star Trek door 15: Elevator transport (SE 17) 16: Elevator platform down 17: Elevator platform up 18: Elevator down 19: Elevator up 20: DOOM-door 21: Down door 22: Split from middle door 23: Swing door 25: Sliding door 26: Splitting Star Trek door 27: Stretch sector (SE 21) 28: Drop floor (SE 21) 29: Teeth door prong (SE 22) 30: Rotate-rise sector 31: 2-way train 10+: Play sound when player walks on sector (+ is sound #) 32767: Secret room 65535: End level 5.6 Hints And Tips 1. Ставьте много спрайтов. Без них жить плохо. 2. Используйте тени. Много теней. Это круто! 3. Не давайте зеркалам "видеть" друг друга, это проблематично. 4. " " " камерам "видеть" друг друга, будут пробемы. 5. ЧАСТО СОХРАНЯЙТЕСЬ!!! BUILD вылетает очень часто, особенно под Win'95. Сохраняйтесь каждые 2-3 минуты, пусть это войдет в привычку. 6. НЕ пускайте BUILD под Win'95! При этом он чаще вылетает! 7. Делайте сюрпризы. Пускай игрок почаще наступает на тачплейты, от которых перед ним возникают монстры, или все взрывается. Пусть C-9 вспыхивает прямо перед его носом, когда он идет что-нибудь подобрать. 8. Если вам неочень хочется, не морочьте голову уровнями сложности. Люди их редко используют. 9. Смотрите на чужие карты - воруйте идеи. 10. Желайте убить игрока!!! ======================== 6: QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ======================== I get a lot of email now about this FAQ, and on how to do stuff that's not in it. Now that this is here...PLEASE do NOT email me with ANY questions that are in here. I will not respond. (sorry!) Well, here's the question and answer portion of this FAQ: Q: My subway is going crazy! It shoots rockets at me! Help! A: The only way to get a subway to stop firing rockets is to take the parallaxing off of the cieling of the subway. Q: When I go into 3D mode, my screen gets all screwed up! A: Ok, people on #dukeedit, #duke3d, and others on the Apogee message base are tired of people asking this question. It has been asked SO many times, and we're getting tired of it. The answer has been posted SOOOOO many times, so PLEASE don't ask this on IRC, message bases, or email. The answer to this question is that YOU HAVE TO MOVE ALL OF THE BUILD FILES TO YOUR DUKE3D DIRECTORY. Q: I tried making a fish tank. When I look into the glass, I don't see water. Am I doing something wrong? A: Yes, you are doing something wrong. :) I have included TANK.MAP in the ZIP file. If you cannot figure it out from there, basically, it is the brown glass texture (check example map for #) masked onto the wall as the glass. The glass has a Palette # of 1. Press the 'T' key once in 3D mode to make it transparent. Q: How do I change the direction of a sprite? A: Go into 2D mode. Point at the sprite and use the < and > keys to move the little tail. Q: BUILD keeps locking up! Help! A: Well, it really is a shame that Apogee made an editor and won't support it. But, the cause of this problem depends on where it is happening. If you are scrolling textures when it locks up, it's usually caused by your hard disk. You probably have a low-end piece of crap like Maxtor or Packard Bell. Get a new hard drive is the only solution. If it's anything else (like deleting sectors, etc) all I can suggest is save once a minute. This sounds rediculous, but you, like me, will get used to it. (I have a maxtor hard drive :() Q: BUILD sucks. Is there another editor available? A: No, not currently. Sorry. Q: When I'm in editart, I can't see any or all of the graphics. What should I do? A: You have to use KEXTRACT to extract the .ART files. Use the following command line: KEXTRACT DUKE3D.GRP *.ART Q: How do I import graphics into Editart? A: I am not really familiar with editart. Sorry, I can't help you. Q: I'm sick of hearing the same old song in my level. How do I change it? A: You don't, really. It's not like DOOM where you could put different music into WADs. You'll have to create your own .GRP file. Q: I've noticed an error in your FAQ. <error goes here> A: Thanks a bunch, I'll give you credit! (this is one you SHOULD email me) Q: I'm having lots of trouble with something. Where else can I go for help? A: Well, go to me. Email the level to firstname.lastname@example.org. If you are using AOL, be sure to say what the name of the level is in the note, or I can't get it properly. Only problem with asking me is that it's guaranteed fixed, BUT, it's not guaranteed that I'll remember to send you the fixed product. After you send it, wait 2-3 days, and email me with the name of the MAP I sent you. I'll send it back. Q: <thing that's not in here> is not in your FAQ. I need help! A: Sure. Just email. I can do a lot more than what's in here. :) Q: How do I set difficulty levels? A: See section 4.39. Q: How do I make that cool lighting effect that looks like rippling water? A: You don't, at least not as a lighting effect anyway. You put a certain texture on the wall. The number is #853. Q: How do I place a sector effector? A: A sector effector is a sprite. Go into 2D mode. Place a sprite somewhere (press the 'S' key). Go into 3D mode. Point to the sprite you created, and press 'V'. Change it to sprite #1, the sector effector. Add appropriate tags. Q: How do I make a forcefield like in the space levels? A: It happens automaticly, if you look out into a sector with the BIGORBIT texture palallaxed as the floor and cieling. Q: What's the difference between pink and blue sprites? A: Pink sprites block you from going through, blue ones do not. You can toggle this in 2D mode by pressing 'B' while pointing at the sprite. Q: How can I make it so that my door frame doesn't go up and down with my door? A: Press the 'O' key in 3D mode while pointing at the door frame. =============== 7: FINISHING UP =============== 7.1 MAP Authoring Template То же самое лежит в .ZIP. Заполните и приложите к уровню. ====================================================================== Title : Name of your level Author : Your name E-mail : Your email adress Web Page : Your URL, if you have one Description : Set the mood here Additional Credits to : Anybody that you would like to thank for helping you, etc. ====================================================================== * Play Information * Episode and Level # : Single Player : Yes/No DukeMatch Level : Yes/No Difficulty Settings : Yes/Not implemented * Construction * Base : New level from scratch/Modified (Map name) Editor(s) used : Known Bugs : * Where to get this MAP file * FTP sites: BBS numbers: Other: =========================================================================== 7.2 Uploading Your Level The final step is to upload your level. Here are some good places to upload them: Send them to: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com* Upload them to: ftp.cdrom.com head2head.com (If you have it) AOL: Keyword: 3D Realms Post them to: alt.games.apogee alt.games.duke3d Если вы держите дюковский сайт - сообщите мне, я поведаю о нем миру. * Это я. Пошлите мне ваш уровень. Я не просто хочу выложить его на свой сайт, но и посмотреть, как работает мой FAQ.
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